According to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), resilience is the ability of a system and its component parts to anticipate, absorb, accommodate or recover from the effects of a hazardous event in a timely and efficient manner, including through ensuring the preservation, restoration or improvement of its essential basic structures and functions. Climate change resilience in agricultural sector requires resilience of both social and ecological systems.
For social systems, resilience depends on the assets, capacity and knowledge of farmers and the services provided by governments and institutions. For ecological systems, resilience depends on changing variables, such as climate, land and water use, nutrient availability and the size of the farming system. Therefore, implementation of agricultural resilience measures should reduce climate change vulnerability, generate income and reduce poverty at the same time.